On March, 25, 1957, twelve years after the end of World War II, Germany (previoulsy FRG), Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands firmed the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community in Rome. On the same day, six countries also ratified the Treaty which was about to inaugurate the European Atomic Energy Community.
This was the birth act of the European Union as we know it today, which has extended a lot since 1957, with no less than 22 countries joining the Union*.
60 years after, the unprecedented pacific construction is in a quite bad state and has to face many challenges. Economic crisis, terrorist threats, influx of migrants, rise of populism… are all issues that deeply weaken the European Union. The « Brexit », after United Kingdom’s referendum on March 23rd, 2016, represents the first experience of member-state exit.
Will the European Union be able to manage and get over such a crisis in order to reinvent itself while keeping faithful to its fundamental principles : Democracy, Peace, Union and Diversity ? It’s up to us !
*In 1973 : Denmark, UK and Irland ; In 1981 : Greece ; In 1986 : Spain and Portugal ; In 1995 : Austria, Finland and Sweden ; in 2004 : Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Slovenia ; In 2013 : Croatia.
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